In our article, we have gathered all the information about ritalin, which is used in the USA to increase the concentration of students, to eliminate attention deficit and to treat hyperactivity disorder.
What is Ritalin?
Ritalin is a red prescription drug with a stimulating effect on the central nervous system. This drug, whose main active ingredient is methylphenidate, has an effect that increases the level of dopamine and noradrenaline hormones in the brain of the person using it. Other active ingredients are calcium phosphate, lactose, wheat starch, gelatin, magnesium stearate and talc.
It is a drug that must be used under the control and follow-up of a doctor. It is a drug that is generally recommended to be used in the treatment of children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The dose setting of this drug, which is also used in the treatment of narcolepsy, is regulated by repeated blood tests and given to the patient. As a result of the arrangements made without the necessary tests and doctor's control, results such as loss of appetite, nausea, dizziness and negative effects on growth in children may occur. In case of overdose or abrupt discontinuation of the drug without the advice of the doctor who finds this drug appropriate, many side effects occur. These can be epileptic seizures and mental confusion. Because of this situation, it is very important for health to use in accordance with the doctor's advice.
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Why is Ritalin used?
Ritalin is a drug known to have the opposite effect of the situation that the patient complains about. This drug acts as a kind of stabilizer in humans. For example, while helping a person with a problem such as hyperactivity calm down, it also eliminates the chronic fatigue that may occur. Neuropsychological conditions in which this drug can be used are as follows;
Lack of attention or disorganization
Control disorders in impulses,
The tendency to sleep constantly, regardless of day and night,
Chronic state of fatigue.
This drug is prescribed by a doctor especially for the treatment of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). By affecting brain chemicals such as dopamine in the brain, it regulates impulsive behaviors. While maintaining this order, it also significantly increases the attention span. Ritalin, which facilitates concentration by regulating distraction, also regulates activity in certain parts of the brain. It is prescribed in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, when the behavior therapy applied primarily is insufficient.
On the other hand, this drug is prescribed by doctors for the treatment of cognitive-based diseases associated with the HIV virus that causes AIDS. It can also be used to relieve pain caused by cancer.
What Are the Side Effects of Ritalin?
At the beginning of the side effects that are common in the use of this drug and require urgent intervention; irregular heartbeat, mood changes, and high blood pressure. In addition to these side effects, the side effects that are not common but require intervention are listed as follows;
Allergic based symptoms,
Blood in the urine,
Spotting on the skin,
Difficulty in speaking.
It should be known that besides the side effects that require urgent intervention, there are also more common, but not so serious, side effects. Although this drug does not have side effects in everyone, as with all drugs, it has effects that vary from person to person. During the use of the drug, the person should inform his doctor about the abnormal situations that he notices individually. Medication regulation should be made by the doctor in accordance with the dose of side effects.
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