The world of smart devices is growing like an avalanche. It's not just our phones that are smart anymore, nowadays there's a smart version of everything from light bulbs to vacuum cleaners.
The internet of things technology (IoT), which has been accelerating recently, is seen as a revolution that connects the physical and digital worlds in this sense. Let's take a look at the concept of IoT and its common usage areas together!
The Internet of Things allows devices connected to the Internet to communicate among themselves.
You've probably encountered the term IoT before. IoT, which stands for 'Internet of Things', basically refers to devices connected to the internet. Data transfer and sharing can take place between connected devices without human intervention.
These devices, which stay in communication, can analyze data thanks to artificial intelligence and transform existing data into useful technologies that make human life easier.
The concept of IoT was used for the first time to express the camera system placed inside the coffee machine.
The concept of IoT was first used in a coffee machine presentation prepared by Kevin Ashton in 1999, and it went through many stages until it took its current form. Now, IoT technology, which is included in almost every area of life, offers useful uses thanks to data processing and interpretation.
For example; It provides benefits in many different areas with purposes such as facilitating the business follow-up process, increasing work efficiency, saving time, and maximizing income level.
1. Smart home systems
Smart home automation systems, the most familiar face of IoT technology, greatly simplify human life. Many possibilities such as temperature setting, light level, smart switch, voice command and device control are included in this area. Smart home appliances, on the other hand, greatly increase the quality of life by automatically opening the interrupted movie, reminding the shopping list and sending notifications in case of theft.
2. Wearable technology
Another visible face of IoT technology is smart watches, belts, wristbands and glasses; In short, wearable technologies. These products have a very popular usage area and serve many functions such as heart rate tracking, blood pressure measurement, calories and step counting.
However, it is expected to become much more advanced with body-worn chips in the future. Producing smart lenses against eye disorders and adjusting body temperature according to the weather are just a few of the developments planned.
3. Smart cities
IoT systems, which analyze and regulate situations such as traffic and road accidents in cities, allow traffic speed to be adjusted according to busy moments. Arranging traffic lights during rush hour, giving priority to vehicles such as ambulance and fire brigade, reporting road breakdowns to the solution team and much more are all possible thanks to this technology.
The main goal with this technology is to make the city and traffic network much more planned and accident-free.
The automotive industry, which is integrated with the smart city, also widely uses IoT technology. This field, which is expanding every year, uses big data to analyze the traffic of vehicles, test their handling behavior, and prevent damage and loss of life. Projected vehicle maintenance times, real-time traffic monitoring, and driverless vehicle use all benefit from the same technology.
Many stores in the retail industry add IoT technologies to their system to improve customer experience and receive positive feedback. As a result of a large-scale data analysis, steps that will increase the profit rate and ensure the most accurate pricing can be determined.
Smart mirrors that show how customers will look without having to try on certain parts, smart shelves that show the number of product stocks, and sensors that tell how many customers a section attracts are only a small part of this industry.
IoT technologies are also used in the field of logistics to meet human needs and to send products to relevant places on time. These technologies create the most ideal map by tracking the number of vehicles on the highways, and also provide convenience for drivers by sharing real-time traffic data.
Thus, it increases the efficiency in the transportation sector and minimizes the problems that may occur for both the user and the manufacturer.
7. Medical and health services
Many applications that are vital in the field of health also use IoT systems. By analyzing patient data, possible problems can be detected in advance and more accurate data access is provided with less expense. These systems aim to prolong human life and improve the quality of life.
Many innovations such as heart rate measurements, medication time reminders, vaccine temperature monitoring systems, and remote doctor calls are included in this field.
8. Agriculture and livestock
Making agriculture and animal husbandry as efficient as possible is also one of the goals that IoT operations focus on. The use of timely and adequate lighting in the products grown in greenhouses, making the weather conditions suitable for cultivation, and detecting the missing minerals in the soil can be given as examples in this field.
These systems, which also serve to separate sick animals, enable remote monitoring of agricultural and livestock data, thus providing easier control and follow-up.
IoT, which is used to find solutions to today's increasing energy and needs problems, also turns to the field of energy efficiency. Smart grids and grid monitoring systems allow detecting potential problems and responding in a timely manner. In addition, telemetry systems and cost estimation analyzes help to reduce expenditures in the sector.
Thus, it is possible to prevent energy loss and to distribute energy with smart meters in a way that fully meets the supply. Avoiding under- or over-production also saves spending.
10. Environmental analysis
A more sustainable and cleaner future is one of the most focused sectors of IoT technology today. The loss of natural areas in response to increasing air and water pollution is analyzed with this technology.
Pollution controls enable the development of disaster warning systems such as fire and tsunami. Air, water and soil data can be monitored with smart sensors. In this way, existing problems can be detected more clearly and steps to solve the problem can be determined. In addition, the determination of the most ideal areas for living and doing business is also provided by this technology.
The IoT technology revolution continues to occur and evolve.
As a result, IoT technology is still evolving, and what happens today is only seen as a small part of the future. The giant information network, where all devices are connected to each other, is expected to facilitate human life in many ways. Therefore, much more than imagined seems likely to come true.
Let's wait and see what kind of developments will happen in this field!